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Improvised Weapons in Civil Disorder
  1. Robert A Cocks, MD, FRCS, Professor and Director1
  1. 1Accident and Emergency Medicine Academic Unit, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Rooms G05/06, Cancer Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong robertcocks{at}


Military forces engaged in a peacekeeping role may face hostility from civilian populations, and standard training for first-aid and medical response in combat may be inadequate in dealing with such situations. This paper reviews some of the unorthodox and improvised weapons which may be encountered during the management of civil disorder.

  • Wounds and injuries
  • riots
  • wounds - penetrating
  • fires
  • civil disorders (MeSH terms)

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