Article Text

Download PDFPDF
The Use of Improvised Bullet Markers with 3D CT Reconstruction in the Evaluation of Penetrating Trauma
  1. Major Arul Ramasamy, MA, MRCS(Glas), MFSEM, RAMC, ST 3 Trauma and Orthopaedics, Army Medical Directorate1,
  2. DE Hinsley1 and
  3. AJ Brooks1
  1. 1Department of Surgery, Role 2(Enhanced) Medical Treatment Facility, Camp Bastion Op HERRICK BFPO 792
  1. Former Army Staff College, Slim Road, Camberley Surrey GU15 4NP arul49{at}


Radio-opaque markers placed over entry and exit wounds, have been used to help evaluate penetrating injuries and provide a permanent record of wound location on plain radiographs. To date there are no published reports of the application of improvised bullet markers in the evaluation of penetrating injuries using computed tomography (CT). We report a series of 4 cases where bullet markers were used in combination with three-dimensional (3D) computerised tomography (CT) to ascertain the path of the bullets and to assess damage to vital structures. We believe that the use of bullet markers in penetrating trauma casualties undergoing CT is valuable in the surgical decision making process and allows planning of surgical approaches.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.