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Training Australian military health care personnel in the primary care of maxillofacial wounds from improvised explosive devices
  1. Dr Reed BE, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon1 and
  2. Hale RG, Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon2
  1. 1Australian Army Reserve, 1st Health Support Battalion, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle NSW, Australia; 61 2 49425888 61 2 49425755 bereed{at}
  2. 2Craniomaxillofacial Research Director, US Army Institute of Surgical Science, Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas, USA
  1. Newcastle Oral Surgery Centre, 252 Charlestown Rd Charlestown NSW 2290 Australia 61 2 49425888 61 2 49425755 bereed{at}


Severe facial wounds frequently result from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) as the face is still vulnerable despite advances in personal protection of soldiers. In contrast to the poor outcomes with civilian maxillofacial trauma management methods initially employed by the US Army for maxillofacial wounds from IEDs, advances in wound management methods for such injuries by the US Army have resulted in significant improvements in appearance and function. This article describes the features of a short course in the primary management of combat related maxillofacial wounds for deployed health care personnel who may not be facial specialists, including contemporary treatment techniques for those confronting wounds from IEDs which are explained in this course.

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