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From the battlefield to the laboratory: the use of clinical data analysis in developing models of lower limb blast injury
  1. Arul Ramasamy1,2,
  2. N Newell1,2 and
  3. S Masouros1,2
  1. 1The Royal British Legion Centre for Blast Injury Studies (CBIS), Imperial College London, London, UK
  2. 2Department of Bioengineering, Royal School of Mines, Imperial College London, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Maj Arul Ramasamy, The Royal British Legion Centre for Blast Injury Studies, 3.03a Bessemer Building, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BW, UK; a.ramasamy09{at}


A key weapon in the insurgents’ armamentarium against coalition and local security forces in Iraq and Afghanistan has been the use of anti-vehicle mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs). Often directed against vehicle-borne troops, these devices, once detonated, transfer considerable amounts of energy through the vehicle to the occupants. This results in severe lower limb injuries that are frequently limb threatening. Fundamental to designing novel mitigation strategies is a requirement to understand the injury mechanism by developing appropriate injury modelling tools that are underpinned by the analysis of contemporary battlefield casualty data. This article aims to summarise our understanding of the clinical course of lower limb blast injuries from IEDs and its value in developing unique injury modelling test-beds to evaluate and produce the next generation of protective equipment for reducing the devastating effects of blast injury.

  • Improvised Explosive Device
  • Military Trauma
  • Blast Injury
  • Injury Modelling
  • Finite Element Modelling
  • Lower Limb Trauma
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