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Psychosocial impact of visual impairment and coping strategies in female ex-Service personnel
  1. Sharon A M Stevelink1 and
  2. N T Fear1,2
  1. 1King's Centre for Military Health Research, King's College London, London, UK
  2. 2Academic Department of Military Mental Health, King's College London, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sharon Stevelink, King's Centre for Military Health Research, King's College London, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London, SE5 9RJ, UK; Sharon.stevelink{at}


Purpose To examine how vision loss affects the psychosocial well-being of female ex-Service personnel and how they cope with their visual impairment.

Method A cross-sectional study was conducted consisting of two study phases. During phase 1, a questionnaire was undertaken via the telephone with nine female ex-Service personnel (all under 55 years of age) using clinical screening measures to identify the probable presence of the following mental health disorders: depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), anxiety (Generalised Anxiety Disorder Assessment), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, PTSD Checklist—Civilian) and alcohol misuse (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test). In phase 2, eight of the participants were interviewed face to face regarding the impact being visually impaired had had on their daily lives.

Results Approximately 1 in 10 women screened positive for probable depression, probable PTSD or alcohol misuse; 1 in 5 fulfilled the criteria for probable anxiety disorder. Participants struggled to adjust to the loss of vision and its impact on their lives. They reported low self-esteem, feeling down and social withdrawal. As time went by, the women were able to apply various coping strategies such as having a positive attitude, relearning skills and integrating low vision aids in their daily routine. However, some coping strategies, such as alcohol misuse and lack of help-seeking when needed, hindered participants’ success in adjusting to their visual impairment.

Conclusions Sustaining a visual impairment negatively affects psychosocial well-being in female ex-Service personnel. Over time, participants learnt to cope with the challenges and limitations associated with being visually impaired.

  • women
  • visual impairment

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