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Militaries and the duty of care to enhanced veterans
  1. Adam Henschke1,2
  1. 1 National Security College, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
  2. 2 Department of Values, Technology and Innovation, Technische Universiteit Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Adam Henschke, National Security College, Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia; adam.henschke{at}


This article argues that there is a duty of care held by the State to military veterans who have been technologically enhanced as part of their military service. It suggests that enhancements may be permanent, persistent or protracted and demonstrates how enhancements generate additional moral responsibilities from the chain of command. The paper concludes by demonstrating how this institutional duty of care relates to issues such as informed consent.

  • medical ethics
  • enhancement
  • consent

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  • Funding This study was funded by Fondation Brocher.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.