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Social well-being of Iranian retired men of the armed forces and their wives
  1. Pouya Farokhnezhad Afshar1,2,
  2. M Foroughan3,
  3. F Pirooz2 and
  4. M Ajri4
  1. 1 School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  2. 2 Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  3. 3 Department of Gerontology, Iranian Research Center On Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  4. 4 Department of Intensive Care Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
  1. Correspondence to Dr F Pirooz, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, 1411718541, Iran; fereshtehpirooz{at}


Background Social well-being is a major component of health, which was somehow neglected until the last few decades. The aim of this study was to determine the state of social well-being of Iranian retired men of the armed forces and their wives in the metropolis of Tehran.

Methods This is a cross-sectional study which was conducted in Tehran, capital of Iran, in 2016. Three hundred retired men of the armed forces and their wives were selected by random sampling. We used the Social Well-Being Scale to collect data. We assessed its internal consistency and validity with Cronbach’s alpha and exploratory factor analysis before using it. We used SPSS V.24 software to analyse the data via χ2, Pearson’s correlation, t-test and analysis of variance.

Results The mean age was 66.39±6.98 years; 60% were male. The findings revealed that retired men of the armed forces and their wives report a relatively modest degree of well-being. Social well-being of the participants was significantly related to their marital status (p=0.03), education (p=0.03), employment status (p<0.01), housing status (p<0.01), financial status (p<0.01) and health status (p<0.01).

Conclusion The social well-being of retired men of the armed forces and their wives was moderate and was not different from each other, and it was related to housing ownership, employment, self-rated socioeconomic condition, education, good health and married status.

  • aged
  • mental health
  • retirement
  • military personnel

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  • Contributors The results of the study are approved by all the authors.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Informed consent was obtained from all participants

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available in a public, open access repository. There are no data in this work. Data are available upon reasonable request. Data may be obtained from a third party and are not publicly available. No data are available. All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.