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Review of enteral nutrition practices in critically ill adults in resource-limited environments
  1. Chris Carter Senior Lecturer and
  2. Joy Notter
  1. Faculty of Health Education and Life Sciences, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, West Midlands, B15 3TN, UK
  1. Correspondence to Chris Carter, Faculty of Health Education and Life Sciences, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, UK; chris.carter{at}


Enteral nutrition in critical care is a complex area of practice. A resource-limited environment includes countries that are identified as low income and low/middle income. This review describes three themes for its successful implementation of enteral nutrition in a resource-limited environment. These include identification of patients at risk of malnutrition, using non-commercial feeds and the urgent need to develop practice. Malnutrition is a serious complication of critical illness and remains a crucial aspect of patient care in order to prevent complications. Further evidence to develop sustainable enteral nutrition strategies for critically ill patients is urgently required. This is a paper commissioned as part of the Humanitarian and Disaster Relief Operations special issue of BMJ Military Health.

  • Adult intensive & critical care
  • Nutritional support
  • Nutrition

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  • Contributors Both authors contributed to the writing of this invited review.

  • Funding This project was partly funded through a UK Research & Innovation/Newton project (reference number: EP/V028197/1).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.