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Application of near-infrared spectroscopy to triage of traumatic brain injuries in high-intensity conflicts
  1. Rayan Fawaz1,
  2. P Laitselart2,
  3. J-B Morvan3,
  4. J-C Riff2,
  5. J-M Delmas1,
  6. A Dagain4 and
  7. C Joubert4
  1. 1 Neurosurgery, Percy Military Teaching Hospital, Clamart, France
  2. 2 Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Unit, Percy Military Teaching Hospital, Clamart, France
  3. 3 Ear, Nose, Throat and Cervicofacial surgery, Sainte Anne Military Teaching Hospital, Toulon, France
  4. 4 Neurosurgery, Sainte Anne Military Teaching Hospital, Toulon, France
  1. Correspondence to Dr Rayan Fawaz, Neurosurgery, Percy Military Training Hospital, Clamart, France; ryfawaz{at}

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On military facilities, triage of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) during the influx of casualties from high-intensity conflicts remains crucial. However, the absence of immediately available CT scan imaging has prevented medical teams from effectively screening casualties for immediate surgery or evacuation.1 Thus, based on our experiences in the field, military neurosurgeon and intensivist provided a training course dedicated to health servicemen in using a near-infrared spectroscopy device to perform triage of TBI.

When screening acute intracranial hematomas, near-infrared spectroscopy measures the differences in the haemoglobin levels between extravascular blood and normal brain tissue, previously described and validated by Robertson et al.2 In this regard, we employed the Infrascanner 2000 (InfraScan, USA), which was designed to detect intracranial hematomas with a volume of >3.5 cc and a depth of <2.5 cm from the surface. This non-invasive optical density (OD) measurement is …

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  • Contributors RF, PL, J-BM, JCR, J-MD, AD and CJ designed the article. AD and CJ performed the methodology and the literature review. PL, J-BM and CJ gathered patients’ data. RF, PL, J-BM, JCR, J-MD, AD and CJ participated in the drafting of the manuscript. RF performed the critical revision of the manuscript. PL, JCR and CJ performed the final revision of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.