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Military exposure and kidney stones among US adults: findings from 2007–2018 NHANES

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  • YW, JN, WM and HZ are joint first authors.

  • Contributors Conception and design: YW, SC, KW and MC. Administrative support: YW, JN, WM and HZ. Provision of study materials or patients: YW, WM, LY and TZ. Collection and assembly of data: YW and KW. Data analysis and interpretation: YW, JN, WM and KW. Manuscript writing: YW, JN, WM and HZ. Final approval of manuscript: all authors. YW is responsible for the overall content as guarantor.

  • Funding This study was funded by Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20201271); Innovative Team of Jiangsu Province (2017ZXKJQW07); Jiangsu Provincial Key Research and Development Program (BE2019751); National Natural Science Foundation of China (82070773); The National Key Research and Development Program of China (SQ2017YFSF090096).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.