TableĀ 1

Essential and desired cervical anatomical structures requiring modelling as determined by clinical morbidity and post-mortem mortality analysis2

Anatomical structureEssentialDesiredNo current indication
ArteriesCommon carotid; external carotid; internal carotid; vertebral; subclavian
VeinsSubclavianInternal jugularExternal jugular
NervesSpinal cordBrachial plexus; spinal nerves; cranial nerves; phrenic
BonesVertebrae; clavicles; mandibleBase of skull
OtherMuscle; skinLarynx; pharynx; oesophagus; tracheaLymphatics; thyroid gland