Table 1

The mechanism of improved exercise performance from creatine supplementation

Mechanisms that facilitate exercise performancePotentiating effects on exercise performance
Higher initial CP availability and resynthesis16Greater dynamic strength and endurance17
Increased ATP resynthesis12More efficient muscle damage attenuation18
More efficient antioxidant activity19Faster and higher power production20
Increased muscle protein kinetics21Accelerated muscle hypertrophy22
Increased hormonal proliferation22Decreased recovery time during anaerobic activity23
Enhanced fatigue resistance8
  • Searches were performed using the terms: ‘military personnel’, ‘creatine’.

  • CP, creatine phosphate.