Table 3

Anxiety and depression across quartiles of Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) (multivariable-adjusted ORs and 95% CIs)

Quartiles of AHEI-2010
Q1Q2Q3Q4
OROR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIPtrend
Depression
Crude1.000.630.16 to 2.450.260.07 to 0.910.200.04 to 0.780.01*
Model 11.000.610.15 to 2.410.250.07 to 0.880.170.04 to 0.720.01*
Model 21.000.650.16 to 2.650.210.05 to 0.800.120.02 to 0.580.01*
Stress
Crude1.002.920.56 to 5.300.500.18 to 1.371.540.04 to 3.560.78
Model 11.002.010.45 to 4.920.390.12 to 1.260.940.17 to 2.970.23
Model 21.002.190.47 to 4.090.340.10 to 1.010.760.13 to 2.240.16
Anxiety
Crude1.000.400.16 to 1.000.240.10 to 0.570.390.15 to 0.980.02*
Model 11.000.380.14 to 0.980.210.08 to 0.550.300.09 to 0.980.01*
Model 21.000.430.16 to 1.160.220.08 to 0.580.280.08 to 0.950.02*
  • Model 1: adjusted for age, energy intake and BMI. Model 2: further adjustment for physical activity, smoking, marital status, education, family size and economic status.

  • *p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

  • †Obtained by the use of categories of AHEI-2010 as an ordinal variable in the model.

  • BMI, body mass index.