Table 2

Non-parametric tests between DASS-21 subscales and demographic variables

VariablesDepression scoreAnxiety scoreStress score
KWU*†P valueKWU*†P valueKWU*† (95% CI)P value
Age3.7060.2957.9830.0462.4170.49
Sex2.6240.10511.5740.014.3690.037
Marital status0.2950.8631.9170.3840.4680.791
No of offspring0.7390.1173.2500.4756.8270.145
BMI2.8520.243.8900.1433.4870.175
Medication0.9090.0310.5350.051.0640.587
Have been a COVID-19 case0.6000.4393.3410.0680.1550.694
  • *Kruskal–Wallis U test (95% CI).

  • †KWU χ2 test.

  • BMI, body mass index; DASS-21, Depression–Anxiety–Stress Scales-21; KWU, Kruskal–Wallis U test.