Table 1

Summary of relevant epidemiological information in military periodontal health studies

Author, yearCountrySample sizeMean age (range)SexMilitary
context
Sample
type
Study
design
Periodontal
index
Gingival
index
Oral
hygiene
index
Diagnostic
procedure
Examiners
Bárcena et al, 20202Spain22135–9 (25–57)M/FArmyRCSCPIM/LABOPO'LearyP (Pa-on)1
Parwez et al, 200825Pakistan51526 (17–55)NSArmyNRCSPD/LABOPS&LP (Manual)1
Röthlisberger et al, 200729Switzerland62620 (18–24)MArmyNRCSPD/LAGIS&LP (Michigan)≥4
Skec et al, 200631Croatia91223–7 (18–54)MArmyRCSNSNSNSNSNS
Griffiths et al, 200138UK10017 (16–20)MAir ForceNSLPD/LABOPS&LP (Williams)≥4
Machuca et al, 200040Spain29619–4 (—)MJointNRCSPD/LAVDVO'LearyP (Vivacare)1
Ankkuriniemi and Ainamo, 199742Finland405720–3 (17–29)MJointRLPDBOPVPIP (WHO)≥4
Joss et al, 199245Switzerland756— (19–20)MArmyNRCSPD/LASBIS&LP (Michigan)≥4
Petersson et al, 198954Sweden53NSNSAir ForceNRCSPD/LABOPL&KP (Manual)3
Wennström et al, 198163Sweden94— (20–54)MAir ForceNSCCPD/LANSNSNSNS
Preber et al, 198064Sweden13421–9 (19–27)MArmyNSCSPDGIS&LP (Manual)≥4
Lang and Engelmayer, 197967Switzerland139— (28–32)MArmyNSCSPD/LAGIS&LP (Manual)2
Bay, 197273Denmark34518 (—)MNSNSCSLAGIOHINSNS
Curilović et al, 197274Switzerland55620 (—)NSArmyNSCSPDISBINSP (POP/FWP)≥4
  • BOP, Bleeding on Probing; CC, case control; CPIM, Community Periodontal Index Modified; CS, cross-sectional; F, female; FWP, Fox-WMS probe; GI, Löe and Silness Gingival Index; L, longitudinal; LA, loss of attachment; L&K, Lenox and Kopczyk index; M, male; NR, not randomised; NS, not specified; OHI, Oral Hygiene Index; P, periodontal probe; PD, probing depth; PDI, modified Ramfjörd index; POP, Plast-O-Probe; R, randomised; SBI, Sulcus Bleeding Index; S&L, Silness and Löe; VDV, Van der Velden; VPL, Visible Plaque Index.