Table 2

Description of health outcomes

Sample (N=275)
Post-traumatic stress disorder
 PCL-5 score, mean (SD)28.8 (19.5)
 PTSD case (PCL-5), n (%)137 (55.7)
 PTSD symptoms worse due to COVID-19160 (65.0)
CMDs
 GHQ-12 score, mean (SD)6.8 (3.7)
 CMD case (GHQ-12), n (%)203 (76.9)
 CMD symptoms worse due to COVID-19183 (69.3)
Problems with anger
 DAR-5 score, mean (SD)13.4 (5.6)
 Anger case (DAR-5), n (%)135 (56.4)
 Anger symptoms worse due to COVID-19127 (52.7)
Alcohol misuse
 AUDIT score, mean (SD)9.4 (8.0)
 Harmful drinking (8+AUDIT), n (%)71 (45.8)
 Alcohol symptoms worse due to COVID-1967 (30.0)
  • Frequencies may not be up to N=275 due to missing values.

  • AUDIT, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; CMD, common mental health difficulty; DAR-5, 5-Item Dimensions of Anger Reactions—Revised; GHQ-12, 12-Item General Health Questionnaire; PCL-5, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.